· Scope of the journal
· Open access policy
· Types of submissions in JMDR
· Authorship details: Authorship criteria, Contribution details, Author checklist, Corresponding author, Change in authorship details, Number of authors, Invited Authors.
· Ethical considerations: Human subjects, Animal experiments, Conflicts of Interest, Scientific Integrity, Plagiarism, Replication, Image Integrity,
· Review procedure
· General principles
· Reporting guidelines
· Manuscript format
· Manuscript components: Title page, Abstract page, Introduction, Methods, Statistics, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgement, References, Supplementary material- Tables, Figures, Legends.
· Other information: Abbreviation and Nomenclature, Units of Measurement, Corrections- Corrigenda, Errata, Addendum, Editorial note, Retraction, Language, Cover figure.
· Modes of submission
· Submission of Revisions
Copyright and Licensing
Help and Contact
The Journal of Multidisciplinary Dental Research (JMDR) is the official publication of International Dental Educationists’ Association (IDEA). It is a peer reviewed. bi-annual, print and online journal which provides open access to its contents through the official website, www.jmdr-idea.com. All publications are made in the English language.
The JMDR intends to be a knowledge platform addressing research, innovation, clinical developments and novel treatment stratagems, newer technology and advances in dental education with the eventual aim of furthering the science and art of dentistry.
Submission of a manuscript to the JMDR will imply that-
· It represents previously unpublished original work, either in part or as a whole
· It must not be under consideration elsewhere for publication
· The article will be subject to the peer-review process of the journal, and
· If accepted for publication it will not be published elsewhere, or in any alternative language without the consent of editor and publisher.
SCOPE OF THE JOURNAL
Manuscripts in the field of Dentistry and allied sciences that include Periodontology, Implantology, Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering, Restorative Dentistry, Endodontics, Prosthodontics, Orthodontics, Pedodontics, Oral Medicine, Craniofacial Imaging, Oral Pathology, Oral Microbiology, Maxillofacial Surgery, Public Health Dentistry & Epidemiology, Forensic Odontology, Preventive Dentistry, Oral Biology, Dental Education, Aesthetic Dentistry, Craniofacial Growth, Ethnopharmacology in dentistry, Oral Oncology and Maxillofacial Reconstruction will be considered for publication by the Journal.
JMDR reserves the right of first consideration for publication of any work accepted for presentation at Quest (Annual International Undergraduate Symposium) or any other meeting/symposium/conference of the IDEA, and authors must not submit their work elsewhere for a period of a year following the presentation. A manuscript may be considered for publication elsewhere if it has not been accepted for publication, or is not under active consideration by the JMDR at the end of the one year period.
OPEN ACCESS POLICY
The JMDR is an open access journal providing ‘gold’ open access with immediate open access to all the article contents on its website www.jmdr-idea.com soon after acceptance. The journal also permits the authors to self-archive the final accepted version of the articles on any OAI- compliant institutional/subject based repository.
The journal does not charge any processing fee or publishing charges.
TYPES OF SUBMISSIONS
Original research articles:
Analytical investigations such as Randomized controlled trials, case-control studies, cohort studies, intervention studies and surveys. Up to 3000 words and up to 40 references. The manuscript should be prepared in the IMRAD format- Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion, and should contain- Objectives, specific statistical procedures used and a summary of 150 -300 words.
Up to 1000 words excluding references and abstract and up to 10 references.
Case reports/ Case series:
New / interesting / rare cases that contribute significantly to existing knowledge will be given priority. Up to 2000 words and up to 20 references (not exceeding 6 pages with references). A summary of 150 -300 words should ideally be included
Articles that concisely describe an innovative methodology, instrumentation or novel modification of a pre-existing procedure, hitherto unpublished. The innovation should be of practical value to the field of dentistry. Up to 2000 words and up to 20 references.
Articles of special interest and those entailing an update on any of the topics identified as subjects for this journal will be accepted. Up to 3500 words and up to 40 references, with a summary containing 150 -300 words.
Letter to the Editor:
A concise commentary or observation concerning an article published in the journal. The authors for Letters to the Editor must be experts having original research published in peer-reviewed journals concerning the field of discussion. A Letter when accepted for publication will be sent to the author/s of the original article, if applicable, for their response. Up to 500 words and up to 5 references.
A considered opinion on a specific topic or thought, of importance in dentistry. Experts in the various fields of dentistry will be solicited by the editorial board for the guest editorial. The topic of discussion can be the author’s choice or will be identified by the editorial board. Unsolicited guest editorial will be considered in exceptional cases solely on the discretion of the editorial board. Up to 800 words and up to 10 references.
Review of a book relating to fields of dentistry as detailed in the scope of the journal will be performed by expert reviewers on the invitation of the editorial board.
Announcement of conferences, meetings, courses, awards and other events of interest to the readers should be submitted with the name, affiliation and contact details of the person from whom additional information can be sought. Up to 100 words.
The JMDR has adopted the guidelines of International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) in order to maintain high standards of research and publication practices. IDEA and JMDR believe in wider and hassle free dissemination of publications for the greater good of furthering the research community. Towards this effect the JMDR follows the blinded peer review process and open access policy for journal publication.
Being responsible members of the planet and society, IDEA and JMDR exhort all its reviewers, contributing authors and readers to follow the ‘Green Initiative’ and reduce consumption of paper in manuscript preparation and communication with the editorial team. JMDR publishes a limited number of printed copies of each issue only for subscribers and authors upon special request.
JMDR adheres to the ICMJE recommendations in defining and delineating the role of an author. Authorship credit of a manuscript will be based only on substantial contributions to each of the following criteria:
In addition, an author should be able to identify the specific responsibility of each co-author in the work undertaken. Contribution details of each author should be provided during manuscript submission. Participation only in the form of acquisition of funding, the collection of data or the general supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. All such contributors should be listed as acknowledgements.
The JMDR will not define order of authorship. The order of naming the contributors should be a joint decision of all the authors and is generally based on the relative contribution of the contributor towards the study and writing the manuscript. Authors should include a description of contributions towards the manuscript during submission. The same will be indicated when the article is published. Description should be divided in following categories, as applicable: concept, design, definition of intellectual content, literature search, clinical studies, experimental studies, data acquisition, data analysis, statistical analysis, manuscript preparation, manuscript editing and manuscript review.
Author checklist and essential documents:
All authors of the submitted manuscript should submit the covering letter, contribution details, ethical considerations, conflict of interest, copyright declaration form,
The authors should nominate amongst them, one contributor as the corresponding author. The corresponding author will be responsible for all the communication between the editorial office and the authors. This will be purely an administrative role and not dependent upon factors such as seniority or order of authorship. Contact details such as address and E-mail of the corresponding author will be published in the article in order to facilitate reader interaction.
Change in authorship details:
Any changes thereof, in the nature of authorship such as deletion or addition of an author, modifications in the order of authors, before manuscript publication, will require a justifiable and detailed explanation along with signed statement of agreement for the requested change from all listed authors, from the author to be removed/ added or whose order is requested to be changed.
Number of authors:
The JMDR prescribes a maximum number of six authors for original research manuscripts originating from a single institution. There can be a maximum of four contributors for Reviews, Case reports/ series and Letter to the editor. The authors should provide a justification, if the number of authors exceeds these limits.
Book reviews and Guest editorials will be written by authors invited by the JMDR. They shall be experts with substantial work performed in the field of discussion/the book.
JMDR requires author declaration for any research involving human subjects stating that all procedures in the research were undertaken with formal approval by the responsible committee (either institutional or national). In the absence of such ethics committee the authors should declare that the experiments conformed to the principles set out in the WMA Declaration of Helsinki as revised in 2013 and icmr.nic.in/ethics_SOP.pdf. The declaration should also include a statement that informed consent was obtained from all subjects. Any documentation in this regard should be submitted to the editor or reviewers upon request.
Any restrictions on the availability or on the use of human data or samples should be clearly specified in the manuscript. Any restrictions that may detract from the overall impact of a study or undermine its reproducibility will be taken into account in the editorial decision.
Right to privacy: Patients’ right to privacy should not be infringed upon without informed consent. Any identifying information including- names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be disclosed in written descriptions, photographs, or pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent/ guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that an identifiable patient be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should disclose to these patients whether any potential identifiable material might be available via the Internet as well as in print after publication.
Clinical Trial based Research:
All research involving clinical trials conducted in India should be registered with Clinical Trial Registry India. Clinical trials conducted outside of India have to be registered with other registries as applicable. The trial registration number should be provided along with the submission.
For clinical trials reporting, the authors should fill out a CONSORT flow diagram and submit it as supplementary information. The journal also encourages authors to follow the CONSORT reporting guidelines http://www.consort-statement.org.
Authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed along with formal approval by the responsible committee (either institutional or national). The JMDR encourages the authors to follow the animal research ethics as detailed by the International Association of Veterinary Editors’ consensus author guidelines on animal ethics and welfare (http://veteditors.org/ethicsconsensusguidelines.html) and icmr.nic.in/animal_ethics.html. All experiments should be as humane as possible and the details of anesthetics and analgesics used should be clearly stated.
Manuscripts should be accompanied by a statement that all efforts were made to minimize animal suffering, to reduce the number of animals used, and to utilize alternative in vivo techniques, if available.
Conflict of Interest Declaration:
All authors of must disclose any and all, actual or potential, financial or other (political, academic or personal) conflicts of interest that may inappropriately influence the research. Authors should also disclose conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript. Full disclosure to the Editor including, absence of any conflicts of interest is an absolute requirement.
The JMDR purposes to maintain high standards of scientific integrity in publishing scientific articles. The journal adheres to the recommendations as laid out by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The journal will investigate suspected cases of scientific misconduct in the submitted manuscripts or published papers including fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, inappropriate image manipulation or processing, misrepresentation, duplicate publication and others. If any such misconduct is detected the journal may suitably opt to publish errata, corrigenda or retract the article.
Plagiarism is wrongful appropriation of others’ published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or consent, and presenting them as one’s own original work. This applies to all forms of documents, published (print or electronic) or unpublished. Plagiarism includes secondary source, invalid source, paraphrasing, misleading attribution, verbatim plagiarism and complete plagiarism among others. All submissions to the JMDR requires to be free from plagiarized material. The authors are requested to follow correct citation methods and to avoid verbatim reproduction of text material from reference articles even when the article is cited in the paper.
Detection of plagiarism would lead to rejection/retraction of the manuscript and debar the concerned authors from publication in the JMDR. The Journal may also publish such correspondence in its pages to inform its readers of scientific misconduct.
The JMDR mandates authors to desist from Dual/Multiple submissions which could potentially result in dual/multiple publications of the article. Secondary analyses of clinical trial data should cite any primary publication, clearly state that it contains secondary analyses/results, and use the same identifying trial registration number as the primary trial.
An undertaking towards this effect detailing any form of prior publication in whole/or in part has to be submitted with the reasons for republication. Previous publication of an abstract or a preliminary report in the proceedings of meetings (print or electronic) does not preclude subsequent submission for publication, but this information must be provided at the time of submission.
Replication of scientific research will result in rejection/retraction of the manuscript and disbarment of the authors from future submissions. The JMDR may also publish such correspondence in its pages to inform its readers of scientific misconduct.
The JMDR discourages inappropriate manipulation of images submitted along with the manuscript. Certain image processing such as addition of arrow/arrowhead, magnification scale or use of black box to mask the eyes/other identifying features of patients is acceptable. Excessive or fraudulent manipulation of images, images received without appropriate credits if reproduced from elsewhere, will result in the stalling of the review process or if deemed required- rejection of the article. The authors should submit the unprocessed data and metadata files upon request. The review process will resume following the addressal of issues detected and depending upon the editorial decision.
All unoriginal drawings, flowchart, photographs should be accompanied by appropriate credit/ consent letter by the original authors or illustrator for publication in the journal.
The review process commences soon after the submission of the manuscript. All communications thereafter will be directed to the corresponding author only. The entire review process is completely done online to ensure speed, efficiency and eco-friendliness.
A. Editorial Review: The initial process involves editorial verification of the suitability of the manuscript to be published in the journal. Format of submission, Originality, Impact, Scientific and Technical tenability will be assessed and manuscripts adhering to the same will proceed forward in the review process. Manuscripts that are returned back to the authors will be earmarked either as ‘rejected’ or ‘resubmit with modifications’. Resubmission with modifications would require the authors to do the necessary changes as per the editorial instructions and rejection would mean the end of review process.
Manuscript proceeds for Peer review
The article cannot be published.
Resubmission with modifications
Authors have to resubmit the manuscript according to the editorial instructions.
B. Peer Review: The selected manuscripts would then proceed for Peer review by two independent reviewers who will remain blinded to the authors and source of the manuscript. The selection of the expert reviewers is solely an editorial discretion. The main criteria for selection will be Area of expertise, Merit and Double blinding. During manuscript submission, the authors are requested to suggest reviewers with experience in the field of the submission. This however, does not imply review of the submitted manuscript by the suggested reviewers.
Reviewers from all branches of dentistry as well as applied basic sciences are to be included in the review board. There are a set of both internal and external reviewers chosen at the discretion of the editorial board on the basis of their subject expertise. After screening manuscripts for originality and plagiarism, the articles are sent to the reviewers. Following the peer review process the editorial office will then convey the reviewer comments/ suggestions/ decisions to the corresponding author. The reviewer recommendations will be broadly grouped into four categories.
Manuscript proceeds for Technical review
The article cannot be published.
Considered after minor amendments
Amendments will require the authors to act upon the critiques of the reviewer in order to clarify, justify or rectify. Once the corrections are completed to the editorial satisfaction the manuscripts will proceed for Technical review.
Considered after major amendments
The modified manuscripts will be resent to the same reviewers for scrutiny. Upon their approval the article will be considered for publication by the editor.
Resubmission of revised manuscripts after editorial review and peer review should be done within a time period of three months. The process may be repeated till reviewers and editors are satisfied with the manuscript. Accepted manuscripts will then proceed for technical review. Authors wanting a printed copy of the issue with their article should convey the same to the editorial team and complete the payment process at the time of the Technical review.
C. Technical Review: Manuscripts accepted for publication will further undergo a technical review wherein grammar and format are analyzed. The authors may be requisitioned to apply any modifications thereof. Page proofs in pdf format are then sent to the authors for final verification and approval. The corrected proofs should be submitted back within three days and any corrections thereafter will not be possible. If not returned within the stipulated time, the proof version will be considered as final. Any major modifications at this stage will result in the review process being repeated again.
The JMDR will accept appeals by the authors on editorial or reviewer decisions. Thorough evaluation will ensue any justifiable appeal.
The JMDR follows the recommendations laid down by the ICMJE (Authors please refer http://www.icmje.org for further details). All manuscripts must be prepared in accordance to the journal specifications.
The original research submissions should follow the ‘IMRAD’ structure which is explained in the Manuscript format section. Other types of articles, such as meta-analyses, may require different formats, while case reports, narrative reviews, and editorials may have less structured or unstructured formats as detailed in the reporting guideline section.
JMDR follows reporting guidelines as suggested by ICJME to facilitate easy and better evaluation by editors, reviewers and readers. Authors are requested to follow the EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines for the following:
Type of Study
Randomized controlled trials
Studies of diagnostic accuracy
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses
Observational studies in epidemiology
Meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology
Consensus based clinical case reporting
· All manuscripts should be prepared as a word document in A4, normal margin settings, single column, using Times New Roman font, size 12 with double line spacing throughout.
· Page numbering is mandatory.
· Header or footer with article title is optional.
· Please consider the reporting guideline suggested in the previous section.
· In addition to the main article file, each manuscript submission should be accompanied by a- covering letter, title page, abstract file, supplementary material, copyright transfer form
The details are described in the following section.
Manuscripts should include and be prepared as follows:
(Each section should be started in a fresh page)
a. Covering letter: which details the authors’ intent of publishing the scientific article in JMDR and a statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all authors.
Covering letter should comprise the following details.
Disclaimers, a statement by the author/s mentioning that the results obtained, views or conclusions of the study are his/her/their own and not an official position of the institution or funder.
Source(s) of support, these include any kind of facilitation towards the study such as grants, equipment, materials like drugs etc.
Conflict of interest declaration, is mandatory and has to be clearly stated so even in the absence of any conflicts. Any conflict of interest has to be stated with the nature of conflict being clearly explained.
Details of any prior presentation of the study, which details the meeting/conference, the host organization, place and exact date of presentation.
The letter should include signatures of all authors.
b. Title page: which includes,
Article title not exceeding 100 characters including spacing. Abbreviations should not be used in the title. The title should not be in all capitals and must be entered in Title case.
Short running title not exceeding 6-7 words.
Category of article, indicating whether the article is original research, case report, metanalysis or review etc.
Author information, which contains Full name of all authors with their designation, affiliations and contact details (E-mail, Contact number & Address), location of the Department/ Institution where the study was performed. The order of the list of authors should be as it should appear in the published article with superscripts used next to each author to denote designation and affiliation.
Corresponding author details, with Full Name, Address, Contact numbers and E-mail address.
Registration number and registering agency, in case of a clinical trial.
Word count- The total word count for the main text of the article excluding abstract, references, tables and figure legends. A separate word count of the abstract page.
Number of images and tables, should be mentioned separately.
Number of images and tables, should be mentioned separately.
c. Abstract page: A structured and a concise representation of the scientific work carried out should be detailed in this page. Any material not explained in the main article text should not be mentioned in the abstract. References should not be included in the abstract.
Original articles should include an abstract under the headings- Background/Objectives, Methods, Results and Conclusions.
The overall word count for the abstract for original research is 250 and for case reports and review is 150 words.
Suitable keywords, about 6-8 in number and in alphabetical order, should be provided. The authors are encouraged to use keywords as obtained from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) database of National Library of Medicine, USA.
d. Main article file: The main text of the article should not contain any direct or oblique references to the identification of either the authors or institution. Failure of blinding will result in the article being returned to the corresponding author. The text of original research articles should be prepared in the IMRAD format- Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. The format for other article types is mentioned in reporting guidelines section.
Introduction: A statement on the purpose of research or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation. The introduction should be brief, specific and include a literature review of only directly pertinent references. Any data or conclusions of the study being reported should not be included.
Methods: All the materials used and methodology employed should be pertinently explained such that the results obtained can be reproducible by others.
The ethical issues involved in the study and permissions obtained for the same has to be included. In case of absence of the permitting agencies, the authors should include a statement of adherence to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki or ICMR guidelines. Informed consent from adults and children participating in the study should be obtained and the same should be mentioned in the manuscript.
All information regarding the study participants should be described including source population, inclusion & exclusion criteria, selection of observational or experimental participants and demographic data of relevance.
The study design including interventions, methods of measurement, data collection and measurement, loss of data, if any and outcome measures should be described.
The time period of the study in terms of month and the year should be mentioned.
The apparatus, reagents, products tested or used should be identified along with the manufacturer’s name and address. Any drug if used, should include generic name, dosage and route of administration.
The procedure employed should be explained in sufficient detail. All established methods, including statistical methods, used in the study should be referenced, any published but less well known procedures should additionally include brief descriptions, any new or substantially modified methods used should be accompanied by description of the method and the reasons for using them, also evaluate their limitations.
Statistical methods employed in the study should be sufficiently explained in order to permit verification of reported results. Whenever possible findings should be quantified and appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty should be presented. Statistical terms, abbreviations and symbols should be defined. Software (name and version) used for statistical analysis should be specified. Studies of clinical trial should indicate trial registration number and details of registration agency.
Results: Should accurately describe the findings of the study and follow the logical sequence as in the text, tables and figures. Data repetition in text should be avoided. All data on primary and secondary outcomes identified should be provided. Non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, viz., random, normal, significant, correlation, sample, should be avoided.
Discussion: It is the summation text of the main findings of the study with deliberations on the possible mechanisms or explanations for the same. Any important or new facets to the study undertaken should be emphasized. Any new hypotheses should be stated, but have to be labeled as such. Limitations, if any, have to be stated along with the implications and future research directions of the study.
Any unjustifiable extrapolation of the study results, unqualified comments, claiming priority and alluding to unfinished work, or inappropriate statements of economic benefit have to be avoided as are data repetition.
Acknowledgement: All contributors not meeting the authorship criteria can be listed for acknowledgement. This includes purely technical help, general supervision, writing assistance, language and grammar editing and proofreading etc. The nature of contribution by each individual towards the study should be mentioned along with the acknowledgement.
e. Supplementary material: All tables, graphs, images with legends pertaining to the article should be submitted in a separate file and not attached along with the main article file.
· Tables should be numbered consecutively in the order of appearance in the text citation.
· Each table should be aptly titled.
· Additional matter should be placed in footnotes. This includes non-standard abbreviations and symbols.
· Symbols that can be used in order are: *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡.
· Borrowed, modified and adapted tables should be included only after obtaining permission and a credit line should be provided in the footnote.
· Digital images should be in JPEG/TIFF format (less than 3MB) with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi or 1800 x 1600 pixels.
· They should not be pasted on the main article file and must be uploaded separately.
· The images should be numbered in the order of appearance in the text.
· Image manipulation is not allowed. Minor processing like cropping of unwanted areas, addition of arrow/arrowhead and face de-identification is only allowed. Any letters or symbols on the images should be clear, legible and in contrast with the background even during any image processing (e.g. size, format realignment) done during publication.
· Patient de-identification is mandatory. Care should be taken to include eyes and eyebrows during masking. Methods of de-identification acceptable are- Cloning of neighboring skin, Blurring, Opaque box, coarse pixelization. Informed consent of the patient for use of photographs is mandatory.
· All images should be accompanied by a legend which comprises the figure number as cited in the text, title and a brief description if necessary. The legend should not be typed or included over the image. Maximum word limit for legend is 40.
· For photomicrographs please include magnification scale, stain/s used.
· Borrowed/adapted/modified images should be accompanied by letter of permission to use them and a credit line in the legend.
· JMDR reserves the right to crop, rotate, reduce, or enlarge the photographs to an acceptable size
The JMDR follows the ICJME recommendations for referencing. Authors are requested to visit www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html and www.icmje.org for more details. Unpublished observations, retracted articles, abstracts and personal communications should not be included as references.
General considerations- Authors should refrain from unnecessary exhaustive citation but rather should use fewer but appropriate referencing. Direct references to original research sources should be provided whenever possible. References should not be used by authors, editors, or peer reviewers to promote self-interests. Information from papers submitted for publication but not accepted should be cited in the text as ‘unpublished observations’ with written permission from the source. Authors are advised to check for any retraction either from the journal where an article has been published or through MEDLINE by searching PubMed for “Retracted publication [pt]”, where the term “pt” in square brackets stands for publication type, or by going directly to the PubMed’s list of retracted publications (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?term+retracted+publication+[pt]).
Citation in text: References should be numbered in the order in which they are mentioned in the text. The references should be numbered in Arabic numerals as superscript. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. References included at the end of a sentence or part of a sentence, placed after the punctuation mark.
Citation at the end of the article: The full list of references should include the names of authors, the full title of the journal article or book chapters; the title of journals abbreviated according to the Index Medicus style (www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html) the year of publication, the volume number, issue number and the first and final page numbers of the article or chapter. If there are six or fewer authors in the study being cited, the names of all the authors should be given. If there are more than six authors, the names of the first six authors should be given followed by et al. Articles published online but not yet assigned to an issue may be cited using the DOI. Online citations should include the date of access.
The authors should check that the references are accurate; lack of accuracy may result in the rejection of an otherwise adequate manuscript.
Some examples of common forms of references (as based on ICMJE and NLM) are:
Articles in Journals
Standard journal article
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7.
If a journal carries continuous pagination throughout a volume the month and issue number may be omitted.
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
More than six authors, List the first six authors followed by et al.:
Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
Optional addition of a database's unique identifier for the citation:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7. PubMed PMID: 12140307.
Forooghian F, Yeh S, Faia LJ, Nussenblatt RB. Uveitic foveal atrophy: clinical features and associations. Arch Ophthalmol. 2009 Feb;127(2):179-86. PubMed PMID: 19204236; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2653214.
Optional addition of a clinical trial registration number:
Trachtenberg F, Maserejian NN, Soncini JA, Hayes C, Tavares M. Does fluoride in compomers prevent future caries in children? J Dent Res. 2009 Mar;88(3):276-9. PubMed PMID: 19329464. ClinicalTrials.gov Registration number: NCT00065988.
Organization as author
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.
Both personal authors and organization as author (List all as they appear in the byline.)
Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, van Moorselaar RJ; Alf-One Study Group. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms. J Urol. 2003;169(6):2257-61.
No author given
21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7357):184.
Article not in English
Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122(8):785-7. Norwegian.
Volume with supplement
Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety of frovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraine and in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl 2:S93-9.
Issue with supplement
Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl 7):S6-12.
Volume with part
Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from an epistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(Pt 2):491-5.
Issue with part
Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-8.
Issue with no volume
Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen section analysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-8.
No volume or issue
Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals into care. HRSA Careaction. 2002 Jun:1-6.
Pagination in roman numerals
Chadwick R, Schuklenk U. The politics of ethical consensus finding. Bioethics. 2002;16(2):iii-v.
Type of article indicated as needed
Tor M, Turker H. International approaches to the prescription of long-term oxygen therapy [letter]. Eur Respir J. 2002;20(1):242.
Lofwall MR, Strain EC, Brooner RK, Kindbom KA, Bigelow GE. Characteristics of older methadone maintenance (MM) patients [abstract]. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002;66 Suppl 1:S105.
Article containing retraction
Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169. Retraction of: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(12):909-11.
Article containing a partial retraction:
Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction after removal of eroded slings. J Urol. 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2749. Partial retraction of: Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Sep;176(3):1040-4.
Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidly escalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(12):909-11. Retraction in: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169.
Article partially retracted:
Starkman JS, Wolter C, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. Voiding dysfunction following removal of eroded synthetic mid urethral slings. J Urol. 2006 Sep;176(3):1040-4. Partial retraction in: Starkman JS, Wolder CE, Gomelsky A, Scarpero HM, Dmochowski RR. J Urol. 2006 Dec;176(6 Pt 1):2749.
Article republished with corrections
Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive importance of P-type ATPases. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;188(1-2):22-5. Corrected and republished from: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001;183(1-2):123-6.
Article with published erratum
Malinowski JM, Bolesta S. Rosiglitazone in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a critical review. Clin Ther. 2000;22(10):1151-68; discussion 1149-50. Erratum in: Clin Ther. 2001;23(2):309.
Article published electronically ahead of the print version
Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood. 2002 Nov 15;100(10):3828-31. Epub 2002 Jul 5.
Books and Other Monographs
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operative obstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.
Author(s) and editor(s)
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.
Organization(s) as author
Advanced Life Support Group. Acute medical emergencies: the practical approach. London: BMJ Books; 2001. 454 p.
American Occupational Therapy Association, Ad Hoc Committee on Occupational Therapy Manpower. Occupational therapy manpower: a plan for progress. Rockville (MD): The Association; 1985 Apr. 84 p.
Chapter in a book
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.
Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.
Scientific and technical report:
Akustsu T. 1974. Total heart replacement device. Bethesda (ML); National Institutes of Health, National Heart and Lung Institute; Apr. Report No; NH-NHLI 69-2185-2194.
Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.
Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexible endoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug 1.
Forthcoming and Preprints
Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature of balancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Forthcoming 2002.
Alvarez R. Near optimal neural network estimator for spectral x-ray photon counting data with pileup. arXiv:1702.01006v1 [Preprint]. 2017 [cited 2017 Feb 9]: [11 p.]. Available from: https://arxiv.org/abs/1702.01006.
Bar DZ, Atkatsh K, Tavarez U, Erdos MR, Gruenbaum Y, Collins FS. Biotinylation by antibody recognition- A novel method for proximity labeling. BioRxiv 069187 [Preprint]. 2016 [cited 2017 Jan 12]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1101/069187.
Kording KP, Mensh B. Ten simple rules for structuring papers. BioRxiv [Preprint]. 2016 bioRxiv 088278 [posted 2016 Nov 28; revised 2016 Dec 14; revised 2016 Dec 15; cited 2017 Feb9]: [12p.]. Available from: http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2016/11/28/088278 doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/088278.
Rupprecht C. Ready for more-than-human? Urban residents’ willingness to coexist with animals and plants. Version: 1. SocArXiv [Preprint]. [posted 2016 Jul 13; revised 2016 Dec 07; cited 2017 Feb 15]: [22 p.]. Available from: https://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/hbcmz/.
Journal article on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htmArticle
Parija SC, Khairnar K. Detection of excretory Entamoeba histolytica DNA in the urine, and detection of E. histolytica DNA and lectin antigen in the liver abscess pus for the diagnosis of amoebic liver abscess .BMC Microbiology 2007, 7:41.doi:10.1186/1471-2180-7-41. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2180/7/41
eatright.org [Internet]. Chicago: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; c2016 [cited 2016 Dec 27]. Available from: http://www.eatright.org/.
Part of a homepage/Web site
American Medical Association [Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995-2016 [cited 2016 Dec 27]. Office of International Medicine; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://www.ama-assn.org/about/office-international-medicine
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